The St. Louis Cardinals were originally the St. Louis Browns of the American Association. After the failure of the American Association in 1891, the Browns joined the National League.
Frank and Stanley Robison bought the club in 1899 and changed the team's name to the Perfectos.
Their uniforms included red striped stockings and trim. One day, William McCale, a sports writer for the St. Louis Republic, over heard a female fan comment on how nice "that shade of cardinal" was. He used the name in his column and soon the fans were using it too.
The club's name was officially changed to the St. Louis Cardinals in 1900.
The Cardinals have played their home games in seven different stadiums:
Union Park: 1892-1897
League Park: 1898
Robison Field: 1899-1920
Sportsman's Park: 1920-1952
Busch Stadium: 1953-1965
Busch Stadium II: 1966-2005
Busch Stadium III: 2006-present
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